Rockland is a suburban county in the state of New York (USA) 9.5 miles away from Manhattan founded in 1798. It is located in the most south part of the state. With total area of 199 sq. mi. it is the smallest county in the state of New York. It consists of 5 towns, 19 incorporated villages and many unincorporated hamlets and villages. Administrative centre (seat) and the largest city of the County is New City.
There are five rivers in Rockland County: Hackensack River, Mahwah River, Hudson River, Ramapo River, and Saddle River. There are three lakes: Lake Kanawauke, Lake Sebago, Pine Meadow Lake, Lake Tappan. The main mountains are Hudson Highlands. About 1/3 of the Rockland County is taken by parkland.
The population of Rockland is 311,687 (2010). Among the population white race takes 87.9%, black race – 2.7%, Hispanic – 7.1%. Rockland County is characterized by large portion of Jewish population (31.4%). As for religion, 56% of population is attached to Catholic Church, 9% - to United Methodist Church, and 35% - to other churches.
Origin of “Rockland” name is connected with “rocky land” – it is the name given to this area by English and Dutch colonists.